Saturday, June 27, 2020

Catch-22 by Joseph Heller - Free Essay Example

When exploring the concept of moral appropriateness in a text, one seeks out what could be considered as what would be right, judging the situation by hand. Generally speaking when seeking out the right in circumstances the decision comes from analyzing the physical and emotional outlooks on a character in text. In this case what is being disected in terms of moral appropriateness is one of the characters from the satirical novel by Joseph Heller; Catch-22. Nately is young man of age who resides as a not commonly character in Catch-22. He is known for being someone who is sensitive and who comes from a wealthy family. According to Catch-22; His nature was invariably gentle and polite (Heller 248) and His childhood had been a pleasant, though disciplined one (Heller 248). In terms of exploring moral appropriateness with this character, the entirety of Natelys context revolves around another character. The whore or Natelys whore is a prostitute from Rome that Nately falls in love with in Catch-22. When analyzing the situations of Nately in Catch-22 , dissecting Natelys background, and what his actions are in the novel we can conclude distinctions on what others or the readers might see as morally inappropriate. For example, Nately comes from a family of wealth yet has fallen in love with a prostitute. A prostitute in the eyes of society is looked upon lowly. This is because their profession involves committing intimate acts with strangers in exchange for money. Usually a woman who does this in the place of poverty. Without knowing that Nately comes from a rich family, there would be no way in pointing out the moral inappropriateness between him and his whore. The appropriateness lies within their personal context that Heller has inputted in Catch-22. It is not only the scandal between Nately and his whore that is morally inappropriate but what his intentions are revealed in Catch-22. After confessing his love to her with Yossarian and Arfy, Nately says that his intentions lie in the means of marrying the whore. The moral inappropriateness is what Nately believes to be morally appropriate. What Nately believes to be morally appropriate is to be together with the whore in terms of marriage. The character stresses out his defiance when other characters such as Arfy, opposed to his idea of being in love with the whore. In response to his statement, Arfy says I can just imagine what your father and mother would say if they knew you were running around with filthy trollops like that one. Your father is very distinguished man, you know (Heller 288). After Nately declares that he shall be marrying the whore as well Arfy responds with Ho, ho.ho,ho,ho! Now youre really talking stupid. Why youre not even old enough to know what true love is (Heller 288). However there are instances in Catch-22 where readers will suggest Nately and his actions are more morally appropriate rather than inappropriate. For instance, after the whore had slept for eighteen hours, satirically it was that that made her fall in love with Nately. It is satirically in a sense that after longing for the whore to love him, it only took her sleeping for while to fall in love with Nately. Furthermore, Nately felt authority over her and the whores kid sister, leading to him developing a demanding side over the whore in Catch-22. Get dressed (Heller 356),Because I dont want them to see you without any clothes on (Heller 356) are things that he ordered the whore to do. When the whore questioned him, his response was Because I say so! (Heller 356). Readers would analyze his behavior to be morally inappropriate. This is due to the fact that he is forcing her to do things out of her will only because she has fallen in love with him. It is suggesting that her returning he r love gives him the right to show authority over her. Generally, others would suggest that this shouldnt be the case and that the whore should be free to do as she pleases. On another hand, what Nately demanded of her wasnt to suit his personal interest but rather, he was configuring her image. When he tells her to put her clothes on he says this because he does not want other men to see her in a vulnerable state that would otherwise be inappropriate. For instance, if he didnt tell her to cover up then the whore would continue to go her way. That way being the image of a whore. However, when it comes to moral appropriateness, one has to think that what would be best is if neither character acted upon their actions. Nately neednt tell his whore what to do out of his will because he should not have authority over another human without their consent. The whore should not continue to act scandalously otherwise her relationship with Nately would be unbalanced in terms of class. The reasoning behind Natalys actions are simple enough. He grows authoritative with the whore because he does not want her to be seen in the same way she is seen by him in the eyes of other men. He wishes to marry her because he loves her. Although despite the drastically different characteristic he develops, it can be be easily justified if one focuses on the whores background more than his. Natalys actions can be justified good in the sense that after the whore falls in love with him, he suggests that They made a wonderful family group, he decided (Heller 356). In reference of the whores sister he thought; The little girl would go to college when she was old enough, to Smith or Radcliffe or Bryn Mawrhe would see to that (Heller 356). Overall, these actions make create a balance with this character. On one hand, Nately, like any other person contains flaws that may contribute to their moral appropriateness and then others will lean forward to inappropriateness. In this case, Natelys ideas and what he believes to be right in overall can be considered good. To validate this statement, further into the satirical text it is discovered that Nately wishes to obtain more missions, stating in the process that I dont want to go home until I can take her back with me (Heller 368). Following these events it is later found that Nately has died while in another mission and it was caused by Dobbs. That being said, going back to when Nately desired to have more missions in order to be with the whore, Yossarian questioned; She means that much to you? (Heller 369). Nately agreed and responded with I might never see her again (Heller 369). What is considered to be right by Nately could not just be seen morally wrong in the eyes of the reader but other characters he interacts with. Yossarian whom is another character from Catch-22 plainly opposes to what Nately believes in. In Natelys case it would be morally appropriate, which is to engage in more missions. Catch-22 references For the first time in his life, Yossarian prayed. He got down on his knees and prayed to Nately not to volunteer to fly more than seventy missions after Chief White Halfoat did die of pneumonia in the hospital and Nately had applied for his job (Heller 368). The negative outlook Yossarian has on Natleys beliefs can have readers on the same terms. Morally speaking, Natelys death can not be justified as good in any way. Although one can draw emotional pity from the event, they can also draw the conclusion that Nately did wrong in applying himself for more missions. Why he did wrong in applying for more missions mainly revolves around the fact that by doing this he died in the process. His death could have been avoidable but it all relied on Nately to realize this. Nately could have realized his mistake by simply taking Yossarians advice in consideration. Others could argue that what Nately did was morally right. The idea that what Nately did was morally right can be argued because he went forward with these missions for a good cause. The good cause being that he did not want to leave the whore and her kid sister alone and wanted to take them with him. Although he did suffer death in the end, there is no other motive that can oppose to the good moral of the circumstances other them his death. The idea of what is morally appropriate and what is not comes in the hands of what most individuals believe, or majority. Often many may see certain actions as the right thing to do while others that are not majority will think the opposite. In this case, while exploring the context of Nately, it can be concluded that this character is specifically drawn to moral appropriateness Works Cited Heller, Joseph. Catch 22. New York, Simon Schuster, 2011.

Thursday, May 28, 2020

Chemical Properties Examples

Chemical Properties Examples Chemical Properties A chemical property is a characteristic of an element or compound that can only be observed or revealed during a chemical reaction. This is different from a physical property which is something we could observe or measure without the chemical reaction. Examples of Chemical Properties: 1. Solid sodium metal reacts violently with water, this reaction is highly exothermic, or heat releasing. 2. Gasoline is highly explosive and flammable when it comes into contact with a flame or spark. 3. Alcohol is highly flammable. 4. Iron will oxidize in the presence of oxygen to form rust. 5. Metals will react violently with acids. If you placed aluminum foil in hydrochloric acid, the reaction is exothermic and bubbles of hydrogen gas form.

Monday, May 18, 2020

Analysis of Robert Frosts Fire and Ice Essay - 1087 Words

Analysis of Robert Frosts Fire and Ice For Robert Frost, poetry and life were one and the same. In an interview he said, One thing I care about, and wish young people could care about, is taking poetry as the first form of understanding. Each Robert Frost poem strikes a chord somewhere, each poem bringing us closer to life with the compression of feeling and emotion into so few words. This essay will focus on one particular poem, the meaning of which has been much debated due to the quantity of words used, or the lack there-of. There have been many readers of Frosts poem Fire and Ice, thus being†¦show more content†¦Dantes vision of Hell was cone shaped, made up of increasingly tight circles. Fire was used occasionally in tormenting the sinners throughout Dantes travel into Inferno, until the ninth ring was reached. Upon entering the ninth ring, a comparatively blameless giant helped Dante and Virgil into the pit. Torrents of wind had a group of sinners, giants, frozen into a solid lake of ice. A three headed demon, Lucifer, at the center of the lake, was causing the sinners, and himself, to be frozen in place for eternity by the frenzied beating of his wings. The understated opening two lines in Frosts poem, Some say the world will end in fire, / Some say in ice, at first seem merely to suggest the biblical and scientific predictions about the end of the world: an apocalyptic holocaust or a new ice age. However, as figurative representations of desire and hatred, fire and ice embody the very system of Aristotelian ethics Dante employs in arranging The Inferno: Sins of reason are worse than sins of passion. Frost associates fire with theShow MoreRelatedRobert Frost s Writing Style1589 Words   |  7 Pages Robert Frost once said, â€Å"The figure a poem makes. It begins in delight and ends in wisdom... in a clarification of life - not necessarily a great clarification, such as sects and cults are founded on, but in a momentary stay against confusion† (Robert Frost Quotes). This same kind of thinking opened the door for metaphorical poetry that helped to show the poets transparency. His love for the social outcast and the struggles of his life are exhibited greatly in his poems. Robert Frost helpedRead MoreEssay on Robert Frosts Life and Accomplishments1244 Words   |  5 Pagesdowns, Robert Frost said this quote. Most of his poems already shared his message, that life is not as easy as it may first appear to be. He used the simplicity of nature and vernacular speech to give his poems a casual mood, though underneath they display a much deeper meaning of life. These poems help to show people just some of the difficult things that will be faced in life, despite everything done to prevent them from happening. In particular, his poems â€Å"Nothing Gold Can Stay,† â€Å"Fire and Ice,† andRead MoreAnalysis Of Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening, By Robert Frost778 Words   |  4 PagesRobert Frost is a great American poet that mastered the art of eloquently imprinting his readers with an overarching idea, or theme, through his use of symbolic language, precise picture painting, and metronome rhyme and meter. Frost addresses many different themes across his poems, but sometimes has similar methods of displaying his themes; three of the most prominent are the crossroads of a decision in â€Å"Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening,† the battle between desire and hate in â€Å"Fire and IceRead MoreCritical Analysis of Fire and Ice2011 Words   |  9 PagesCritical Analysis of Fire and Ice One said, Poetry is when an emotion has found its thought and the thought has found words. Four time Pulitzer Prize winning American poet, teacher, and lecturer, Robert Frost quoted this. Frost was born in 1874 and died in January of 1963. He lived in New England for practically his whole life, only moving to England for a short time to pursue his writing career in which he wrote many popular and oft-quoted poems. In his poem, Fire and Ice, Frost usesRead MoreEssay about The Dark Side of Humanity Exposed in Robert Frosts Poetry991 Words   |  4 PagesHumanity Exposed in Robert Frosts Poetry Robert Frost is often referred to as a poet of nature. Words and phrases such as fire and ice, flowers in bloom, apple orchards and rolling hills, are all important elements of Frosts work. These ‘benign objects provide an alternative way to look at the world and are often used as metaphors to describe a darker view of nature and humans. In Frosts poetry, the depth is as important as the surface. The darker aspects of Frosts poetry are often portrayedRead MoreRobert Frost : A New England Poet3698 Words   |  15 PagesRobert Lee Frost Known for being a New England poet Robert Frost was born in San Francisco, California on March 26th, 1874. Born to a New England father William Prescott Frost Jr. and a Scottish mother Isabelle Moodie who moved to the west coast from Pennsylvania after marriage (Bailey). Both his parents were teachers and poets themselves, but his father later became a journalist with the San Francisco Evening Bulletin (Bailey). Frost spent 12 years of his life growing up in San Francisco, untilRead MoreStudy Guide Literary Terms7657 Words   |  31 Pages AP Literary and Rhetorical Terms 1. 2. alliteration- Used for poetic effect, a repetition of the initial sounds of several words in a group. The following line from Robert Frosts poem Acquainted with the Night provides us with an example of alliteration,: I have stood still and stopped the sound of feet. The repetition of the s sound creates a sense of quiet, reinforcing the meaning of the line 3. allegory – Where every aspect of a story is representative, usually symbolic

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency Is A State Agency Of...

The Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency is a state agency of the state of Tennessee. Their goal is to manage the states fish and wildlife population and also to enforce the wildlife related laws of the state. They help to protect and preserve the right to hunt not only for the present time, but also for the future. In just this past year, the agency has established some new regulations that have caused an uproar in the hunting community. The two rules which have been headlined in most conversations is the new two buck limit for the states hunting season, and the new antler restrictions on what is considered a buck. Due to the success of many other states with fewer buck limits, TWRA has established these rules. These new rules are designed to have long-term affects on not only hunters, but also possibly the whole state for years to come. While there may be a lot of good that may come from these new changes, there also may be a negative impact hidden between the lines. These rules h ave been designed to increase the amount of trophy deer in the state, increase the amount of doe kills in the state, and also to truly make hunters picky about what they shoot. The ultimate dream of nearly all outdoorsmen in the United States of America today is to kill a mature old whitetail buck, and these chances have been very few and far between in the state of Tennessee in the past. In order for a male whitetail deer to grow into, what some might call, a trophy buck, it will take aShow MoreRelatedHunting: an Act of Conservation1175 Words   |  5 Pagesin conservation efforts. â€Å"Conservation is defined as a careful preservation and protection of something; especially planned management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect† (Merriam-Webster, n.d.) Hunting serves as an act of conservation, by assisting in population control, while also providing funding for wildlife management through the Robertson Pittman Act and hunter created funding groups. While hunting continues to be disagreed upon for various reasons,Read MoreTennessee Coal Sludge Disaster Essay1906 Words   |  8 PagesTennessee Coal Sludge Disaster What Happened? The largest environmental disaster in U.S. history occurred on December 22nd, 2008 when a 84-acre pit containing toxic coal combustion residue at the Tennessee Valley Authority Fossil Plant in Kingston, Tennessee gave way. According to a report by AECOM, the firm hired to perform the root cause report, a â€Å"combination of the high water content of the wet ash, the increasing height of ash, the construction of the sloping dikes over the wet ash,Read MoreThe Bald Eagle And Amur Leopard3039 Words   |  13 Pagesduring the late 1900s and early 2000s. Humanity has taken most of the blame for some of the species to become threatened, endangered, or extinct. On the other hand, more species develop when others die. Even though the extra space is filled with new wildlife, it’s tragic to lose a small scale but important species. Once a species dies out, it’s gone forever with no point of return. Human activities, including hunting and fishing, are critical factors conside red for the explanation of the exotic animalRead MoreAnalysis Of Jim Barborak s The Center For Protected Area Management At Colorado State University1170 Words   |  5 Pagesat Colorado State University, he helps run one of the longest-standing programs in the country. The CSU program is known around the world for providing teaching, training and technical assistance for rangers and staff in the world’s parks and protected natural areas. Barborak moderated a panel at the recent World Ranger Congress, which was held in Estes Park, Colorado. He was not only responsible for introducing the speakers and providing an overview of the topic — roles of agencies in the U.S.Read MoreThe Importance Of Water Engineering Project780 Words   |  4 PagesThe State of Tennessee give permission to manage any type of construction works of other engineering projects, which is monitored by the agency of Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC). This involves major procedures and strict requirements that are enlisted by the TDEC in their rules for maintaining the state water quality standards, and also establishing those set standards throughout the state. TDEC also performs extensive statewide watershed management program that is outlinedRead MoreThe Managing Human Resources Class1032 Words   |  5 PagesThe Managing Human Resources class has been a great experience for me. My perception of HR has changed s ince we started the class. In the beginning of class, I thought all HR departments were the same as the only one I’ve ever experienced throughout my career; which happens to be with the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA). I now understand HR can be much more and TWRA’s HR is not providing many of the services it could be. Unfortunately, TWRA’s HR is only delivering functional expertiseRead MoreEnergy Vs. Beauty in Coal Mining Essay1533 Words   |  7 PagesEvery day in the United States people turn on a light, use the oven, and watch television. The energy needed to do these trivial everyday tasks is often taken for granted, yet it is greatly required at all times. A small percentage of this energy is provided by the burning of coal to produce power. The removal of coal for energy has been a long thought out process since the early 1960’s (Holzman). The removal of coal up until around the 1990’s was all done underground, removing the c oal by usingRead MoreFDR’s Alphabet Soup1364 Words   |  6 Pagesbank puts your money to work to keep the wheels of industry and of agriculture turning around.† Meaning that the banks cannot function without a circulation of money in their banks. Thus, with all of America’s money out of the banks, the federal, state, and local banks were unable to function daily. This caused a nation-wide bank â€Å"holiday†. Starting on March 6, every national bank was closed on holiday. From here, the Emergency Banking Act (EBA) was used to empower the President to reopen banksRead MoreFreshwater Mussel and Water Quality: a Review of the Effects of Hydrologic and Instream Habitat Alterations9693 Words   |  39 Pages261-274  © 2000 Ohio Biological Survey Freshwater mussels and water quality: A review of the effects of hydrologic and instream habitat alterations G. Thomas Watters1 Ohio Biological Survey and Aquatic Ecology Laboratory; 1315 Kinnear Road, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43212 ABSTRACT: Hydraulic impacts represent a suite of habitat alterations that, although having different causes, often have similar methods of affecting the mussel fauna. For instance, logging and channelization are veryRead MoreThe Overall Idea Of Sustainable Development Essay1826 Words   |  8 Pagestalks about the crucial needs of the world’s poor and solving world poverty should be the first on priority list 2. The concept of limitations: Talks about the environment s ability to meet the present and future needs. Social organisations and state technologies are considerable factors in this case. Most of the time, the development is determined by a single specific need. Sustainable development doesn’t fully consider the larger or future impacts (Robert, Parris and Leiserowitz, 2005). But it’s

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Gender Stereotypes And Attitudes On Gender Essay - 2037 Words

Gender stereotypes are perceptions and attitudes in which society utilizes to evaluate bias and negative characteristics, positions, roles, and capabilities of males or females. Gender stereotypes create pressure for both men and women. Expectations from society create limitations and often form a gap between men and women by the difference in perceptions, evaluations, and behaviors. In today’s supposedly civilized society, we are induced not to discriminate people. However, society has high expectations on people to act a certain type of behavior. The behavior is based on gender. For example, men are supposed to convey leadership and portray an active figure. On the other hand, women are supposed to be passive and are often valued for their physical appearance. There are numerous articles that discuss how society is able to manipulate the behaviors of others. Above all, it is not that people are obliged or forced into stereotyping females or males, people are just too infatua ted with generalizing and being judgmental about gender to make themselves feel superior. No matter where, when, what is the environment interact, we all encounter gender stereotypes. Gender stereotypes are present in all cultures, such that the most common distinction are between men and women and in a lot of cases are strictly applied to one gender only, often referring to women. Women are expected to be inferior to men and fragile. This expectation has dominated women s reputation, which limits theShow MoreRelatedGender Stereotypes And Attitudes On Gender Essay2043 Words   |  9 PagesGender stereotypes is perceptions and attitudes in which society utilizes to evaluate bias and negative characteristics, positions, roles, and capabilities of males or females. Gender stereotypes create pressure for both men and women. Expectations from society create limitations and often form a gap between men and women by the difference in perceptions, evaluations, and behaviors. In today’s supposedly civilized society, we are induced not to discriminate people. However, socie ty has high expectationsRead MoreGender Roles And Gender Role Essay784 Words   |  4 Pagesthis session, I will discuss the gender roles in my family. The definition of gender role is the degree to which a person adopts the gender-specific behaviors ascribed by his or her culture (Matsumoto, D. R., Juang 2013, 156). For example, traditional gender roles recommend that males are aggressive, angry, and unemotional. It goes further and explains that the male should leave the home every day to make a living and be the main wage earner. The traditional gender role for the female purpose isRead MoreGender Stereotypes And The Socialization Process1257 Words   |  6 PagesGender Stereotypes and the Socialization Process The pursuit of gender equality is a central element of a vision of sustainability in which every Member of Society respects others and plays a role that allows you to take advantage of their potential to the fullest. The broad goal of gender equality is a social goal that education and other social institutions should contribute. Gender discrimination is embed in the fabric of societies. In many societies, women bear the main burden of food productionRead MoreVisual images Reinforce Traditional Gender and Sexuality Stereotypes948 Words   |  4 Pagesimages reinforce traditional gender and sexuality stereotypes through the manifestation of the masculine and feminine miens. An examination of print media advertisements highlights the social and cultural ideologies associated with traditional gender roles that are expected and imposed on by society. â€Å"Advertisements are deeply woven into the fabric of Western Culture, drawing on and reinforcing commonly held perceptions and beliefs† of gender and sexuality stereotypes. They have a strong role inRead MorePride Vs. Humanity : Jane And Mark840 Words   |  4 Pagesme portray some gender roles. We discussed some roles these past classes, we only cover chapter 1 through 6 but hoping to finish through chapter 17. Chapters 1 through 17 would be the only concern for this essay. There was a number of questions prepared for us to discuss in our essays. I’m going towards the genders roles, there are 4 questions that I will cover to help me interpret this novel. The questions are what is the attitude toward gender roles? , who represents which gender? , what symbolismRead MoreGirls And Girls Were Treated Differently896 Words   |  4 Pagesfamily. Boys and girls were treated differently. We were raised and learned the behaviors and gender role that were acceptable in o ur family and society. It was passing down from generation from generation; we learned what expectations from us as boys and girls are. We tend to get comfortable with the familiar and our routines. There were definitely things boys could do, but not girls. Most of all that gender equity was not for us. Not only inequality in social relationships, women and girls are beingRead MoreHow Women Are Portrayed On Advertising And The Second Looks At This Time1104 Words   |  5 Pagesrole of humor in gender stereotypes. The first one is the role of humor seen in television advertisements and the second looks at peoples attitudes toward humorous and non-humorous ads that have gender stereotypes in them and how that would affect a persons desire to buy. There has been a lot of research done on the gender stereotyping, especially on advertisement and the affect it has on society. The results of previous research find that gender stereotypes reinforce stereotypes in society leadingRead MoreA Research Study On Early Childhood Education1353 Words   |  6 PagesIn early childhood education, young children are starting to learn and understand the concept of gender. Preschool is the age when they start to develop and shape their views regarding gender roles. The population of children who are en rolled in early learning programs are being influenced by their parents, teachers, and classmates, as well as the learning environment they learn, play, and grow in. I analyzed two different research studies, one quantitative and one qualitative, to compare and contrastRead MoreGender Roles Of Early Childhood Development932 Words   |  4 PagesGender Roles in Early Childhood Development In a society filled with gender stereotypes, children often adopt gender roles as they move from childhood to adolescence because of the many factors that influence their views to the point they will deny certain roles because it does not fit the gender bias. During the early years, boys and girls will usually be drawn towards gender specific activities. Playing house for example, they little boy will imitate going to work, while the little girl will imitateRead MoreEvaluation Of A Preschool Classroom During Play Time1238 Words   |  5 Pageswith gender. What accounts for accounts for this in children? Reading about gender typing in the book made me become more interested in what factors contribute to developing gender typing in children. The book, in my opinion, gives a very vague description of what really develops gender typing in children. My belief is that gender typing is a very complex concept and there are many factors that go into the different aspects of gender typing in children. In a multidimensional study in gender typing

Comparison and Contrast of the Psychodynamic and Cognitive...

Comparison and Contrast of the Psychodynamic and Cognitive Behavior Theories In life, humanity is on a journey much like walking through a forest full of trees that requires consistent observation while navigating the path traveled. Remaining on course is a very important part of arriving at the destination of achievement and success. There is no way to have complete certainty of always arriving on time, as all the variables come into the picture of that journey which psychology also does in relation to the mind. The psychodynamic theory in comparison to the cognitive behavior theory is somewhat well viewed in focus of examining the mental process of what one does based upon what one has thought of doing. To consider the contrast of†¦show more content†¦7). Realizing that a mind is like a set of gears turning in their respective rotation of thoughts, feelings, etc. that is processed relates well to the cog perspective in descriptive title-ship. In focus of the modern world t oday, cognitive behavior theory is one of the most widely practiced of the theories. The technological level and ability that could diagnostically reveal a portion of the inner workings and functionary process of the mind has undoubtedly contributed to the cognitive research. For the psychological community to experience a large gain in the professional practice of assessing and correcting inappropriate behavior is to assume that they know what the correct behavior is. Still it becomes a subjective belief that one might think to be appropriate, while there remains to possibility of uncertainty exposed by any new discovery that could have a revelation of evidence in fact. In order to consider a criticism of worth and value, one would need to have mastered the understanding of true assessment. The well viewed point, On first hearing of the basic cognitive therapeutic approach, many people will observe that simply being told that a view doesn’t accurately reflect reality doesnâ €™t actually make them feel any better (Dr. Mulhause, 2011 para. 10). Considering the possibility that a inaccuracy might exist, would surely indicate aShow MoreRelatedPsychology : Psychodynamic And Behavioral Perspectives1320 Words   |  6 Pagesmodern psychological perspectives. These perspectives are behavioral, psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive, sociocultural, and biological. Each perspective has its own unique way of explaining the human behavior. I believe to truly explain the complex mental processes and behavior, each perspective must be examined and not limited to just one. The following is my explanation and comparisons between two of these perspectives: psychodynamic and behavioral perspectives pertaining to the article in the AmericanRead MoreThe Theory Of Psychology And Psychology947 Words   |  4 PagesWatson became pioneers of two different approaches. Psychodynamics and Behaviorism could be argued to be two of the most pivotal influences on psychology. To really grasp their value we have to understand their individual philosophical influences, founders and their theories. Both have expanded the growth of psychology as a science, but with comparable views of what that science should represent. The birth of Psychodynamic and Behavioral theory came from two men with totally different historicalRead MoreCompare and Contrast the Main Principles in Any Two of the Followingpsychological Therapies: Psychoanalysis, Behavior Therapy, Cognitive Therapy or Humanistic Therapy1584 Words   |  7 PagesPsychology Assignment 1 â€Å"Compare and contrast the main principles in any two of the followingPsychological therapies: psychoanalysis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy or humanistic therapy.† Over the detritus of centuries, mental illnesses (such as anxiety, depression and personality disorder) have been a major contentious topic, especially in the medieval times in which religion centered, cultural and traditional influenced people deemed these exhibiting symptoms of psychopathology asRead MoreConsumer Buying Behavior1597 Words   |  7 PagesCONSUMER BUYING BEHAVIOR Factors which affect a consumer s buying behavior includes Social factors are those factors which are induced by other people with whom the consumer is in contact with by one way or the other and have affect on the consumers buying behavior. These social factors can arise from culture, subculture, family and roles, reference groups and social class. Psychological Factors Psychological factors are an important part of the decision process. These are inherent toRead MoreThe Therapeutic Approaches That Shaped And Molded A Client Essay1102 Words   |  5 PagesExam Three: The Therapeutic Approaches A close comparison and contrast of two therapeutic approaches that shaped and molded a client, named Gloria, a divorced mother of three children, raised questions about how real she should or should not be as a person in relationship with her children. First, we’ll look at Fritz Perls doing his demanding total authenticity, Gestalt Therapy. (This was developed with his wife, Laura, making it the only female authorship generations.) Then, is Albert Ellis withRead MorePsychology : Psychopathology And Abnormal Behavior1827 Words   |  8 Pagesand Abnormal Behavior Introduction The developments of psychopathology and abnormal behavior sciences have achieved significant progress. However, key issues that seek to determine various causes and presentations of psychopathology continue to emerge. Notably, the identification of a better model or perspective that explains psychopathology better than other models continue to elicit varied debates. The prevalence of psychopathology and abnormal behavior is explained by the psychodynamic and behavioralRead MoreThe Psychology of Personality1307 Words   |  5 Pagesthe main concepts of sensitivity training is based on changing existing beliefs of a person by many methods, three of which are known as freezing, changing and refreezing the belief system of the child. Another term used for these methods is the cognitive dissonance. With the help of this, a conflict is created between what is generally known by the person, referred to as cognition and what is generally believed by the person, referred to as affective. The main aim of the creation of conflict is toRead More Lifespan reflective paper6038 Words   |  25 Pagesï » ¿ Reflection on Lifespan Development T’Pre K. Griffin Capella University Abstract The purpose of this paper is to present a comparison of my knowledge and understanding of lifespan development at the outset of course PSY 7210 Lifespan Development and at the courses’ end. In this paper I will explore lifespan development by identifying and discussing the stages of development, theoretical perspectives and research related to lifespan development. I will conclude with discussing how myRead MoreThe Analysis of Behavior Centered and Person Centered Therapy and the Benefits of the Integration and Synthesis of Both in Counseling2503 Words   |  11 PagesThe long-term goal of any counselling session is to aid the client in their overcoming and defeat of obstacles they may face through the facilitation of psychological tools and theories. The evolution of psychology over the last 100 years has seen numerous theories put forth for application to therapy in the clinical setting. Two widely used and well-founded methods include Behaviour Therapy and Person Center ed Therapy. The dynamics of Behaviour Therapy were first discovered by the famous researcherRead MoreA Brief Comparison of Historical Paths for the Clinical and Counselling Streams of Psychology2301 Words   |  10 PagesA Brief Comparison of Historical Paths for the Clinical and Counselling Streams of Psychology The current practices of the clinical and counselling psychological streams are not entirely dissimilar as both are concerned with the application of psychotherapy, education, research, and instruction (Mayne, Norcross, Sayette, 2000; Norcross, 2000). Clinical psychology is primarily concerned with the assessment, treatment, and study of populations who experience severe mental illness (Bechtoldt

Macroeconomics Inflation and Unemployment

Question: Discuss about theMacroeconomicsfor Inflation and Unemployment. Answer: Introduction The way by which a government adjusts its level of spending as well as rate of taxes to scrutinize and influence the economy of the nation is termed as fiscal policy. It is also considered as the sister approaches to monetary policy with the help of which a central bank influences the money supply of a nation. With the help of fiscal policy, regulators attempt to enhance rates of unemployment, control inflation as well as stabilize business cycles. Also termed as Keynesian economics, this policy mostly states that governments can influence the level of macroeconomic productivity by raising or diminishing level of taxes as well as public expenditure (Gal, 2015). The key role that is played by fiscal policy in the modern economy is to conclude precisely how resources will be allocated. This is associated directly to the problems of taxation as well as spending. This is mostly because, allocation of funds relies upon the collection of taxes and the government using the proceeds for precise purposes. Another most imperative role that is played by fiscal policy in the modern economy is that of distribution as it helps to conclude more precisely, how the funds will be distributed throughout every section of the economy (Mertens Ravn, 2014). Stabilization is another imperative role of fiscal policy as it helps to provide steady economic growth. Without any control on expenditure, the economic growth of the nation could become unhinged. This will in turn lead to uninhibited growth and contraction. The fourth major role that is played fiscal policy is that of expansion. Expansion illustrates economic growth that is considered as the overall purpose for the economy. However, fiscal policy is considered as a more complex process when it comes to the fact that how much government will tax citizen each year (Corsetti et al., 2013). J.M. Keynes is of the outlook that fiscal policy plays a key role in lifting the economy out of depression as well as closing the deflationary gap. When the economy is in depression, it is faced with increasing unemployment, decreasing income as well as severe diminishing investment and lessening of economic activities. The government also mostly undertakes public works program that in turn raises its expenditure that in turn helps to increase the level of aggregate demand out employment in the economy. The government also induces changes in aggregate investment by reducing taxes. The tax release measure acts as an effectual method that helps to increase the level of aggregate demand. Australia Treasurer, Scott Morrison presented the Federal Budget to the Parliament of Australia for fiscal year 2017. The first budget has been introduced by the administration of Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull. The government has acted cautiously amid slow economic growth in Australia, holding off on any key expenditure to restrict deficit expenditure. This is mostly done while refocusing expenditure of government on the creation of job as well as development. The government predicts to some extent larger fiscal deficits in terms of fiscal forecasts. However, the government is still expecting the budget to move into surplus in the year 2020/2021 mostly because, it is expected that the economy to gather power that will in turn bolster proceeds (Andrewartha, 2016). Small and medium sized enterprises are considered as some of the victors from the budget of the year, as they received a noteworthy cut in tax from 28.5 percent to 27.5 percent. However, most of the businesses will be able to take benefit of the tax cut break as the government prepares to expand the middle-sized business continuously. In terms of government revenues, the government is attempting to close the budget gap by breaking down on evading of tax. It can be concluded that the budget is associated with a mild contractionary fiscal policy as the government endeavors to restraint in spending as well as reduce the deficit. The counter-cyclical stance of Australian fiscal policy has been favorable to the accomplishments of two major objectives, such as promotion of long-term growth as well as alleviating the economy. While, it might prove to be complex to establish the precise contribution of fiscal policy to long-term growth, however; the link between fiscal policy and cyclical stability is much more direct. The advantages related to cyclical stabilization should not be undervalued. With counter-cyclical fiscal policy, the government makes groups of lower-income that are less susceptible to the ad verse results of recession (gert, 2014). The government stays committed to returning the budget to a sustainable surplus as soon as possible. Continued discipline to counterbalance new expenditure as well as pass existing budget repair measures is required to combine the budget and also to lower government debt. The softer domestic prices as well as growth of wages are likely to affect the government receipts. The payment of government as a share of GDP has reduced since the year 2016 from 25.8 percent of GDP to 25.2 percent of GDP in 2016-2017. Real expansion over the forwarded estimates is 1.9 percent that is steady with the 2016-2017 budgets. The program precise variation leads to reduction in payments. The total deficit is anticipated to lower from $36.5 billion in 2016-2017 to $10 billion in 2019-2020 (Martineau Smith, 2015). However, the fundamental cash is expected to maintain an enhancing trajectory over the forwarded estimates. The government stays committed to more than offsetting all decision related to new stra tegies and has thus made decisions that are likely to enhance the fundamental cash balance over the forwarded estimates by $2.5 billion. The fiscal policy of Australia is mostly based on medium-term structure that is designed to ensure budget balance over the cycle. For example, the fiscal policy predicts that fiscal expansion will produce higher rates of interest that will in turn diminish investment spending. Australia reported a deficit of 2.6 percent as a share of total GDP and a structurally adjusted deficit as a share of potential GDP. As compared to other OECD countries, Australia was not relentlessly affected by the worldwide economic crisis. The budget deficit of Australia in the year 2016 was -2.1 percent of GDP whereas; the budget deficit of Belgium was -2.7 percent of GDP and Canada was -2.5 percent of GDP (Argy Nevile, 2016). According to the MYEFO statement, the factors that have contributed to the deterioration of the budget deficit are the cut in government spending. Since the government has more than offset the additional spending with measures of new savings, it had adopted cut in government spending. The reduction in government spending is likely to reduce budget deficit. The increase in tax is also likely to lead to deterioration of the budget deficit. It is similar to cut in spending that will lead to lower spending and also decrease in economic growth. However, it depends on the timing of increase in tax (Kniest, 2015). The cut in government spending is likely to have a noteworthy impact on both aggregate demand as well as supply side of the economy. The government had beforehand intended to return the budget to balance in 2019-20 however; the target has been revised a year afterward. The Department of immigration and Broader Protection is considered as one of the champion out of MYEFO that gained more than $1 billion in added financial support over four years. An additional $342.2 million has been allocated over two years for relocation arrangements of refugees for protection seekers in offshore centers (Ball, DeLong Summers, 2014). A total of $52.5 million is being cut from funding of arts whereas; Green Army projects are to be restricted at 500 per year thus saving up to $317.5 million from the program. Government spending is mostly considered as a part of aggregate demand. The demand side collision of a cut in government spending will largely rely on the state of the economy. The cut in government spending is likely to have a negative impact on aggregate demand. In other words, cut in government spending is likely to lead to fall in aggregate demand. This will in turn decrease economic growth as well as inflation. If the cut in government spending takes place when the economy is already in complexities, then a noteworthy fall in real GDP is likely to take place. However, on the other hand, if cut in government spending takes place when the economy is thriving, it will help to diminish inflation with a negligible decrease in GDP (Leduc Liu, 2016). Another impact of cut in government spending is that it will help to diminish yearly government borrowing that will help to reduce the debt of the total public sector. However, if cut in government spending leads to further economic downt urn the enhancements in finances will be restricted. This is mostly because; cut in spending lowers economic growth that leads to lower tax proceeds and higher expenditure on benefits. Year Estimated Deficit (billion) 2015 MYEFO 35835800000000 2016 MYEFO 36500000000 2016-2017 Budget 37100000000 The A$0.6 billion decrease in the 2016-2017 deficit in MYEFO as compared to the budget figure from earlier in the year is gratifying for the government. Unemployment is considered as the largest contributing factor to poverty. High rate of unemployment illustrates a waste of economic resources due to less production. There are other costs that are linked with high rate of unemployment that includes a loss of personal self-respect, loss of skills as well as other social problems. Governments also face results such as having to reallocate limited taxation revenue from prolific projects to social security payments. The broadly quoted indicator of unemployment is the rate of unemployment that is derived from the Australian Bureau of Statistics Survey of Labor Force (Gregory Smith, 2016). According to reports, more than 1.5 million individuals of working age depend almost completely on social security for a livelihood however; only one third are unemployed. The rate of inflation is the p ercentage rise in the general level of price in the economy from one year to the next. Unemployment is anticipated to increase slightly from the result of November of 5.8 percent peaking at 6 percent and then staying steady. The rate of unemployment is forecast to stay steady at around 5.5 percent to June 2017 as well as to June 2018. According to the latest economic outlook of 2016/2017 MYEFO, the government has been delivering on its policy for economic development as well as jobs, with the budget maintaining and enhancing trajectory that is consistent with the fiscal strategy of the government (Nakamura, Steinsson Liu, 2016). The factors that have led to worsening of the severity of deficit for 2017 were economic growth that in turn leads to deterioration in the current account. Competitiveness is considered as another most imperative factor that leads to budget deficit. The depreciation in the rate of exchange makes the currency comparatively more competitive. In addition to propelling out the budget deficits out by tens of billions of dollars per year, Morrison has pushed out the revenue to surplus to the year 2020-21. The inquisitive thing that is related to broadening of debt and deficit is that it has taken place due to increase in government expenditure along with shortfall in proceeds. Government expenditure as a share of GDP under the Morrison MYEFO forecasts is anticipated to be 25.2 percent of GDP in both 2016-2017. The major strength that is associated with fiscal policy is that it can promote macroeconomic stability by supporting aggregate demand as well as private sector incomes during an economic recession as well as by moderating economic action during periods of strong development. Fiscal policy also generates added demand when productivity is weak as well as it subtracts from the demand when the financial system is flourishing. Another most imperative strength that is related to fiscal policy is that it can become imperative for countries that are part of the monetary union. This is mostly because, nominal rates of interest as well as exchange rate do not become accustomed to the circumstance of a single country but rather to that of the union as a whole (Sutherland Hoeller, 2014). If the problem is related to unemployment, changes in taxation as well as government expenditure are likely to have a noteworthy impact on the level of national income. Fiscal policy may also become successful while shifting the LRAS curve towards the right that will in turn increase real productivity as well as the rate of inflation. However, there are also several weakness that are associated with fiscal policy. This is mostly due an active fiscal policy that can exceed when there is augmented vagueness about developments of future income. Fiscal policy also leads to increasing concern about the difficulties that are mostly faced by public pension as well as health care systems in view of demographic development. A cyclically oriented tax cuts as well as increase in expenditure at present may simply translate into higher taxes as well as lower expenditure. Fiscal policies should have a medium to long-term point of reference as well as it should completely rely on automatic stabilizers in the short-run (Claeys Darvas, 2015). In order to use fiscal policy in order to stabilize the economy, it is required to spend more or less tax in the bad times however; the worst thing is to increase tax or cut government spending in the good times. Fiscal policy also leads to conflicts between objectives. In other words, a fis cal policy that is designed to accomplish one objective may have an adverse impact on the other. References Andrewartha, J. (2016). This federal budget continues to attack youth. Green Left Weekly, (1094), 9. Argy, V. E., Nevile, J. (Eds.). (2016). Inflation and Unemployment: Theory, Experience and Policy Making. Routledge. Ball, L., DeLong, B., Summers, L. (2014). Fiscal policy and full employment. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, abril [en lnea] https://www. pathtofullemployment. org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/delong_summers_ball. pdf. Claeys, G., Darvas, Z. M. (2015). The financial stability risks of ultra-loose monetary policy (No. 2015/03). Bruegel Policy Contribution. Corsetti, G., Kuester, K., Meier, A., Mller, G. J. (2013). Sovereign risk, fiscal policy, and macroeconomic stability. The Economic Journal, 123(566), F99-F132. gert, B. (2014). Fiscal policy reaction to the cycle in the OECD: pro-or counter-cyclical?. Mondes en dveloppement, (3), 35-52. Gal, J. (2015). Monetary policy, inflation, and the business cycle: an introduction to the new Keynesian framework and its applications. Princeton University Press. Gregory, R. G., Smith, R. E. (2016). 15 Unemployment, Inflation and Job Creation Policies in Australia. Inflation and Unemployment: Theory, Experience and Policy Making, 325. Kniest, P. (2015). Federal budget 2015: Pretend policies and fiscal fantasies. Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union, 22(2), 16. Leduc, S., Liu, Z. (2016). Uncertainty shocks are aggregate demand shocks. Journal of Monetary Economics, 82, 20-35. Martineau, N. G., Smith, G. W. (2015). Identifying fiscal policy (in) effectiveness from the differential counter?cyclicality of government spending in the interwar period. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'conomique, 48(4), 1291-1320. Mertens, K. R., Ravn, M. O. (2014). Fiscal policy in an expectations-driven liquidity trap. The Review of Economic Studies, rdu016. Nakamura, E., Steinsson, J., Liu, M. (2016). Are chinese growth and inflation too smooth? evidence from engel curves. American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 8(3), 113-144. Sutherland, D., Hoeller, P. (2014). Growth policies and macroeconomic stability. OECD Economic Policy Papers, (8), 3.